The Dangers of Visceral Fat

The Dangers of Visceral Fat

The Dangers of Visceral Fat

Weight Management

The fat cells that are harmful to your health.


Excess glucose consumption, coupled with inactivity, chronic stress and /or hormonal imbalance leads to an excess of fat storage. When fat storage is in excess, this means it may be found in areas that the body is not equipped to handle. In fact, excess fat stores typically find themselves within the deep layers of the abdominal cavity where our vital organs are also located. This is referred to as “visceral fat”

Visceral fat, is the damaging fat that causes increased inflammation and weakens the function of the organ tissue where it is being stored. Visceral fat is typically found surrounding the pancreas, liver, kidney, intestines and heart.  Hard and of a gel-like consistency, the obese will have more visceral fat than those of normal weight, but it is not reserved for the overweight.

An individuals susceptibility to develop visceral fat increases dramatically through ageing. Research indicates this unhealthy fat accumulates for a number of reasons. It is often the visual indicator to an individual that their lifestyle, diet and exercise routine may not be healthy as is needed. Manifesting in a manner that one must take notice, visceral fat is the type of fat storage indicative of dysfunction. If one leaves visceral fat to surmount, disease and death are the inevitable result.

Fat cells, storage and the inflammatory response.

 

Fat cells are able to increase in number (hyperplasia). They also increase in size. (hypertrophy). During the process of each, hyperplasia and hypertrophy, and due to the fact that our metabolism is linked up with our immune systems, a person will experience shifts in their overall immunity.

How this works is through the production and secretion of cytokines and adipokines. Cytokines and adipokines secrete chemical messengers otherwise known as inflammatory molecules, proteins and hormones that have the ability to communicate with the organs in the body. In doing so, the inflammatory response that is initiated interferes with the organ and its natural function.

One known adipokine, which is also considered to be a neurohormone is leptin. Leptin resistance is an underlying cause of obesity. It partakes in the vicious hormonal cycle that contributes to the storage of visceral fat.

 
 

Common causes of visceral fat (belly fat) storage:

 

  • Insulin resistance
  • Chronic emotional stress
  • Toxic overload
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Physical inactivity
  • Ageing
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Unhealthy eating and at the wrong time of day
  • Alcoholism

Potential consequences of visceral fat (belly fat)

References
  • Hamdy O, e. (2018). Metabolic obesity: the paradox between visceral and subcutaneous fat. – PubMed – NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 15 November 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18220642
  • Matsuzawa Y, Fujioka S, Tokunaga K, Tarui S. Classification of obesity with respect to morbidity. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1992 Jun;200(2):197-201. No abstract available.
  • Visceral Fat Volume is a Better Predictor for Insulin Resistance than Abdominal Wall Fat Index in Patients with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Ozlem Ozer Cakir1*, Mehmet Yildiz2 and Mustafa Kulaksizoglu3
  • Nam, S., Choi, I., Ryu, K., Park, B., Kim, Y., Kim, H., & Kim, J. (2015). The Effect of Abdominal Visceral Fat, Circulating Inflammatory Cytokines, and Leptin Levels on Reflux Esophagitis. Journal Of Neurogastroenterology And Motility, 21(2), 247-254. doi:10.5056/jnm14114
  • Debette, Stéphanie et al. “Visceral Fat Is Associated with Lower Brain Volume in Healthy Middle-Aged Adults.” Annals of neurology 68.2 (2010): 136–144. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  •  Giles, Jon T. et al. “Abdominal Adiposity in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Association with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Disease Characteristics.” Arthritis and rheumatism 62.11 (2010): 3173–3182. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  •  Visceral Adiposity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine May/June 2010 4: 230-243, first published on March 2, 2010
  •  Donohoe, Claire L, Suzanne L Doyle, and John V Reynolds. “Visceral Adiposity, Insulin Resistance and Cancer Risk.” Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 3 (2011): 12. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Fontana L, e. (2018). Visceral fat adipokine secretion is associated with systemic inflammation in obese humans. – PubMed – NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 15 November 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17287468
  • BW, V. (2018). [Depressive symptoms, cortisol, visceral fat and metabolic syndrome]. – PubMed – NCBI . Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 15 November 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21898316
  • Guedes, Erika P et al. “Body Composition and Depressive/anxiety Symptoms in Overweight and Obese Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome.”Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 5 (2013): 82. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Wang, C., Jackson, G., Jones, T., Matsumoto, A., Nehra, A., & Perelman, M. et al. (2011). Low Testosterone Associated With Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome Contributes to Sexual Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Men With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care, 34(7), 1669-1675. doi:10.2337/dc10-2339
How to Burn Belly Fat During Sleep

How to Burn Belly Fat During Sleep

How to Burn Belly Fat During Sleep

Burn Belly Fat with Quality Sleep
Weight Management

Burning Belly Fat While You Sleep

 
Hormones have much more of an influence on our body composition than we realise, and a decline in the sleep hormone has been associated with increased belly fat. In this article, we discover how having low levels of this hormone contributes to the growth of your waistline and tips on how to burn belly fat during sleep through supplementation.
 
The sleep hormone is one which we all have access to on a daily basis that signals to us that it is time to rest and regenerate. Secreted by the pineal gland, it is the hormone that regulates our circadian sleep wake cycle.
 
Much like how the sun rises in the morning, so too do we humans, find ourselves waking up to a brand new day. The reverse is also true, whereby as the sun sets, our biological clock communicates that we too must set things aside, and get sleep in preparation for the day that follows.
 
Belly fat or visceral fat is the dangerous fat that gets stored within the abdominal region. Not to be confused with the pinchable subcutaneous fat, visceral fat blankets vital organs and becomes a significant saboteur to the function of the endocrine system.
 
Belly fat is not reserved for the obese. There are those of a “normal weight” who may also have excess belly fat. Regardless, there is a correlation between low levels of this sleep hormone and increased belly fat storage.

Low levels of sleep hormone can be caused by:

 

1. Stimulant Use or Use of Certain Medications

 
You may not get the deep and regenerative sleep you need if you use stimulants. Also, there are medications that have the potential to prevent deep sleep. There is a fine line, when opting to take a drug or stimulant to improve productivity. If sleep is disrupted habitually, the brain and its overall receptiveness may be damaged permanently. Balance is the key to the optimisation of health.
 

2. Chronic Stress and Anxiety

 
Increased stress influences cortisol levels to be raised, which in turn contributes to the decline in ones sleep hormone.
The sleep hormone and its levels are  known to be highest at night, as the body gets ready for relaxation and regenerative sleep. You must be conscious of the fact that in order to gain the benefit from this hormones secretion you should not do anything that will elevate the hormone cortisol.
 
The following activities release cortisol which prevents fat burning during sleep:
 

  • Exercising
  • Eating meals or skipping meals
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Undergoing emotional stress
  • Exposure to oxidative and chemical stress
  • Certain medications
  • Exposure to toxins
  • GI inflammation (leaky gut)
  • Liver dysfunction
  • Physical stress/injury

 

3. Declining levels of the sleep hormone through the ageing process

 
Sleep hormone levels are at their highest at puberty. They significantly decrease as one ages. This is the reason why the elderly find it difficult to get to sleep and to obtain a quality sleep.
 

4. Alcohol use as a sedative for sleep

 
People often unknowingly indulge in a drink at night referring to it as a “nightcap”. The objective of the late night drink is to set the stage for sleep, but more often than not, the goal of restful sleep is not met using this strategy. When more than one drink is consumed, alcohol is said to prevent the release of growth hormone. Drinking has been known to inhibit 75% of growth hormone’s release.
 

How the metabolic “Circadian Rhythm” helps you burn fat while sleeping:

 

  • Meals consumed in the morning at 8am will not be processed the same way as having the identical meal at 8pm.
  • The sleep hormone is a powerful messenger that switches our metabolic function from active to that of rest. The darkness is what triggers its secretion. Light, regardless if it is natural or artificial, has the ability to block this hormones secretion.
  • The illumination from blue light or other light at night has the ability to block the transition our bodies are supposed to take into the fasting state. Instead, the calorie acquisition and storage continues. This significantly disconnects us from natures clock and causes much of the struggle we have with weight gain.
  • The sleep hormone modulates the action of several key metabolic hormones such as ghrelin, leptin and insulin. Known to orchestrate appetite, satiety, calorie uptake and fat storage, melatonin also has been shown to increase levels of activity, core body temperature and increases one’s energy expenditure. Scientists are of the mind that this increased use of energy is due to brown fat activation.
  • In animal subjects, researchers have removed their pineal gland, which is the location of the sleep hormones production. As a result, the animals become overweight. With the timed administration of this hormone these animals were shown with a reversal of weight gain.
  • Other studies showed middle-aged animals with abdominal obesity were given sleep hormone  and observations seen include a decreased overall weight, along with a reduction in visceral fat.
References

  • Walecka-Kapica, E., Klupińska, G., Chojnacki, J., Tomaszewska-Warda, K., Błońska, A., & Chojnacki, C. (2014). The effect of melatonin supplementation on the quality of sleep and weight status in postmenopausal women. Przeglad menopauzalny = Menopause review, 13(6), 334-8.
  • Gumersindo Fernández Vázquez et al. Melatonin increases brown adipose tissue mass and function in Zücker diabetic fatty rats: implications for obesity control, Journal of Pineal Research (2018). DOI: 10.1111/jpi.12472
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How the body burns fat reserves

Peptides for fat loss grant the patient the ability to benefit from weight loss benefits over a three to six month period. So long as one understands that success is heightened through an implementation of a healthy diet and increased physical activity.

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Common Causes of Belly Fat

Common Causes of Belly Fat

Common Causes of Belly Fat

Causes of Belly Fat Weight Gain
Weight Management
Wondering why you are consistently gaining weight on your belly? The causes of belly fat weight gain are often variable, but one must account for all risk factors, and be open to making changes where needed.
 

What fat on the belly is the harmful fat?

 

Subcutaneous Fat

Location: Directly under skin
The visible, pinchable, fat located just under the skin is called subcutaneous fat. When you poke at it, this fat feels soft.

Visceral Fat (The Harmful Belly Fat)

Location: Surrounds and blankets vital organs in the abdominal cavity
This fat blankets vital organs in the abdominal cavity covering and surrounding the liver, pancreas, kidney and intestines. Visceral belly fat is a significant health concern for it has been shown to disrupt the functioning of vital organs. It also negatively influences the endocrine system and its regular hormonal signalling. Visceral fat is of a gel-like consistency. It makes an individual’s belly feel firm, unlike subcutaneous fat, which is soft to the touch.
 

Causes of Belly Fat

 
Age, Gender and Hormonal Status
You may be more susceptible to gaining weight in your midsection due to genetics, your gender or age. At certain times in one’s life, particularly at midlife, hormonal deficiencies create issues for people. It is important to be aware of these times. In middle aged women, menopause is a timeframe where metabolic processes slow down significantly. In men too, their experience of menopause is similar, though not entirely the same. At the age of 30, one should be taking an active interest in balancing one’s hormone levels. Be sure to have them tested on a regular basis. The influence of the endocrine system on our propensity to store fat is so high that in most cases, weight loss peptides will be able to rectify these fat storage issues. Be sure to consider lifestyle habits that may be contributing to the disruption of the endocrine system and desensitising of hormonal receptors. 
 
Eating Habits 
Eating habits should be reviewed, alongside whether food choices are balanced and offer nutritional sustenance. One must investigate whether there is too much consumption of empty calories, foods cooked in unhealthy trans fats or processed foods with hidden sugar content, preservatives and additives. If you are seeking more information regarding Diet and Nutrition, check out our articles for insight.
 
Sleep Hygiene

Additionally, you should look at your current sleep hygiene. This includes making an analysis on just how much rest you are getting. Keep a notepad next to your bed or download an app that can keep track of the duration and quality of sleep you are having each night. It may come to surprise you that with each week in passing, where sleep is disrupted or of bad quality, your waistline increases in girth.
There is sufficient evidence to conclude that hormonal deficiencies are at work, whereby sleep loss plays a role in belly fat weight gain.


Physical Activity and Exercise

Are you getting adequate exercise? As we get older, it is really important to remember that the body will require continued physical activity. Muscle mass is lost quite rapidly, due to hormonal decline, and we need our muscle mass maintained for fat burning and to support the skeletal bones. Without muscle mass, we become fragile, and more likely to experience an injury or fall, which can result in bone fractures and lengthly recovery times. This in turn promotes further muscle loss, (sarcopenia) which like a vicious cycle repeats the incidence of injury, further down time and a higher risk of the cycle repeating over and over. 
 
Stress 
How are you coping with stress? Chronic stress and rising cortisol levels play a role in the development of belly fat. 
 

Why is belly fat so harmful as opposed to subcutaneous fat?

 
Belly fat, once it has consumed the abdominal cavity, becomes a danger to an otherwise healthy individual. It has been shown to provoke an inflammatory response, which is the first sign of impending disease.
The reason that these fat cells are so toxic to us is that they no longer allow the endocrine system to do its job of regulating hormonal signalling. Instead, they act independently, pumping out hormones and inflammatory substances called cytokines, which interfere with the regular communication between cells and organs. Additionally, cytokines interfere with hormones that regulate appetite and fat storage, as well as mood and cognition, to name a few. Cytokines can act on the very cells from which they are secreted (autocrine action) and may also act on cells that are adjacent, this is a paracrine action. An endocrine action is where cytokines act on distant cells.

The fat stored in your abdominal region (visceral fat) is linked to inflammation, and may potentially increase the risk of developing certain diseases, including:

 

References
  • “Adipokines And Adipose Tissue Angiogenesis In Obesity”. Immunoendocrinology (2015): n. pag. Web.
  • An Insulin Mimic Secreted By Visceral Fat”. Science 307.5708 (2005): 313k-313k. Web.
  • Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2016 Feb;40(236):122-8. [Adipose tissue, adipokines and aging].
  • Ibrahim, M M. “Subcutaneous And Visceral Adipose Tissue: Structural And Functional Differences”. Obes. metabol. 2 (2010): 64. Web.
  • Wisse, B. E. “The Inflammatory Syndrome: The Role Of Adipose Tissue Cytokines In Metabolic Disorders Linked To Obesity”. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 15.11 (2004): 2792-2800. Web.
  • Debette, Stéphanie et al. “Visceral Fat Is Associated With Lower Brain Volume In Healthy Middle-Aged Adults”. Annals of Neurology (2010): n/a-n/a. Web.
  • Anan, Futoshi et al. “Abdominal Visceral Fat Accumulation Is Associated With Hippocampus Volume In Non-Dementia Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus”. NeuroImage 49.1 (2010): 57-62. Web.
  • Figueroa, Amparo L. et al. “Relationship Between Measures Of Adiposity, Arterial Inflammation, And Subsequent Cardiovascular Eventsclinical PERSPECTIVE”. Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging 9.4 (2016): e004043. Web.
  • Curr Diabetes Rev. 2006 Nov;2(4):367-73 Metabolic obesity: the paradox between visceral and subcutaneous fat. Hamdy O1, Porramatikul S, Al-Ozairi E.
  • Matsuzawa Y, Fujioka S, Tokunaga K, Tarui S. Classification of obesity with respect to morbidity. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1992 Jun;200(2):197-201. No abstract available.
  • Visceral Fat Volume is a Better Predictor for Insulin Resistance than Abdominal Wall Fat Index in Patients with Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes Mellites Ozlem Ozer Cakir1*, Mehmet Yildiz2 and Mustafa Kulaksizoglu3
  • Su Youn Nam,1,2,* Il Ju Choi,3,* Kum Hei Ryu,1 Bum Joon Park,1 Young-Woo Kim,3 Hyun Beom Kim,4 and Jeongseon Kim5 The Effect of Abdominal Visceral Fat, Circulating Inflammatory Cytokines, and Leptin Levels on Reflux Esophagitis J Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 Apr; 21(2): 247–254.
  • Debette, Stéphanie et al. “Visceral Fat Is Associated with Lower Brain Volume in Healthy Middle-Aged Adults.” Annals of neurology 68.2 (2010): 136–144. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Giles, Jon T. et al. “Abdominal Adiposity in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Association with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors and Disease Characteristics.” Arthritis and rheumatism 62.11 (2010): 3173–3182. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Visceral Adiposity, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine May/June 2010 4: 230-243, first published on March 2, 2010
  • Donohoe, Claire L, Suzanne L Doyle, and John V Reynolds. “Visceral Adiposity, Insulin Resistance and Cancer Risk.” Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 3 (2011): 12. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Visceral Fat Adipokine Secretion Is Associated With Systemic Inflammation in Obese Humans Crossref DOI link: https://doi.org/10.2337/db06-1656 Published: 2007-04-01
  • Tijdschr Psychiatr. 2011;53(9):613-20. [Depressive symptoms, cortisol, visceral fat and metabolic syndrome].
  • Guedes, Erika P et al.Body Composition and Depressive/anxiety Symptoms in Overweight and Obese Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome.”Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 5 (2013): 82. PMC. Web. 8 Aug. 2016.
  • Low Testosterone Associated With Obesity and the Metabolic Syndrome Contributes to Sexual Dysfunction and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Men With Type 2 Diabetes Christina Wang, MD1⇓, Graham Jackson, MD2, T. Hugh Jones, MD3, Alvin M. Matsumoto, MD4, Ajay Nehra, MD5, Michael A. Perelman, PHD6, Ronald S. Swerdloff, MD1, Abdul Traish, PHD7, Michael Zitzmann, MD8 and Glenn Cunningham, MD9
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How the body burns fat reserves

Peptides for fat loss grant the patient the ability to benefit from weight loss benefits over a three to six month period. So long as one understands that success is heightened through an implementation of a healthy diet and increased physical activity.

read more